top of page

Northeastern Brazil

Lear's macaw
slender antbird

Northeastern Brazil holds an amazing list of more than 100 Brazilian endemics, representing more than a half Brazil’s endemics species. Its immense, arid interior is dominated by a unique habitat known as caatinga, an association of thorn scrub, columnar cacti, and huge terrestrial bromeliads. This region harbors an endemic avifauna that includes some of the least known and most endangered species of birds on the South American continent. Foremost among them is the Lear’s Macaw, just rediscovered in 1978, with fewer than 700 remaining in the wild. Unfortunately, the last individual of Spix's Macaw in the wild is not seen anymore, but we still hope to see it flying over the caatinga sky again. Although the chance to bird the caatinga would alone be worth the trip, it is only half the attraction of the first part of our tour. We will also look for recently described species such as Araripe Manakin, Sincorá Antwren and Diamantina Tapaculo. A constellation of “mega birds” to be seen, including the “real Mega’’ Great Xenops (Megaxenops parnague). Northeastern Brazil includes also the last remants of the highly fragmented Atlantic coastal forests, home to numerous endangered endemics and which arguably rank as the most critically endangered area of biodiversity in South America. The second half of our tour visit several areas looking for all these specialties. This section will provide an intimate exploration of the avian riches of the fascinating state of Bahia. Chapada Diamantina embraces landscapes of spectacularly eroded mesas, sheer cliffs and plunging waterfalls, and, in its upper elevations, a beautiful and highly endemic plant community that harbors such specialties as the stunning Hooded Visorbearer and Pale-throated Serra-Finch, as well as the recently described (2007) Sincora Antwren and Diamantina Tapaculo. The Serra da Ouricana near Boa Nova is perhaps even less well known, and recent surveys there have also yielded two new species to science (Bahia Spinetail and Bahia Tyrannulet) since 1990! The area surrounding the town of Boa Nova supports some of the most intact examples of a threatened habitat known as “mata-de-cipó” or “vine forest” that harbors a unique avifauna that includes Slender Antbird, Caatinga Antwren, Narrow-billed Antwren, and many, many others. Itacaré is home of the rare Bahia Tapaculo and Camacan is home of the bizarre Pink-legged Graveteiro, a bird so unique that it was placed in its own genus, inhabits lowland humid forest in southern Bahia, and was just described in 1996. But not all specialties have come from the mountains; the lowlands around Porto Seguro holds two endemic cotingas: White-winged Cotinga and Banded Cotinga as well as Racquet-tailed Coquette and the recently rediscovered nominate form of the White-winged Potoo, which may prove to be a separate species from the recently discovered Amazonian populations. If these are not enough reasons to visit Porto Seguro, who knows a remnant population of Harpy Eagle in the Atlantic rainforest seen during our previous tour may not make your mind.



Guide and ranger team

During our tours at the Atlantic Rainforest, some State Parks and Reserves require the escort of a local ranger. This local fellow can point out some nesting activity and help the group participants to spot the birds. With our tour leader, each one working at their best and doing what they are supposed to do better.


Quality of our guides

Our tour leaders are experienced and fully trained professionals who host our guest in a variety of diverse areas. These dedicated people transform an already great safari into one that is out of this world! A guide that hosts you for the duration of your safari provides a consistent, detailed interpretation that is tailored to your specific interests. Our safaris are led by our local naturalist tour leaders, they are equipped with 20-60X spotting telescope for seeing distant animals, recording equipment, shotgun microphone and voice library for luring in rare and hard to see animals that respond to their own call bringing them into view, a spotlight for nocturnal viewing, and the appropriate bird, mammal identification books and updated checklist for your enjoyment.


Good accommodations

Our tour uses hotels which serve early breakfast and then we can go birding.  All lodges offer rooms with private facilities and air-conditioning. We try to use lodges operated by locals because we firmly believe your money must to go to local hands because are those hands who hold the future of the region.


Private transportation

During the whole tour we will have a private transportation with air-conditioning.


25 years of Experience

Nearly three decades dedicated to show Brazil to different travelers from all over the world! We know Brazil as we know our backyard.

bottom of page